Draw to design and design to draw. "Lina Bo Bardi Drawing" exhibition at Fundació Joan Miró

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Curator
Zeuler Rocha Lima
Dates
From February 15 to May 26 2019
Venue
Fundació Joan Miró. Parc de Montjuïc, s/n, Barcelona. Spain

Lina BO BARDI

Achillina Bo was born on December 5, 1914 in Rome, Italy. Lina was the oldest child of Enrico and Giovana Bo, who later had another daughter named Graziella. In 1939, she graduated from the Rome College of Architecture at the age of 25 with her final piece, "The Maternity and Infancy Care Centre". She then moved to Milan to begin working with architect Carlo Pagani in the Studio Bo e Pagani, No 12, Via Gesù. Bo Bardi collaborated (until 1943) with architect and designer Giò Ponti on the magazine Lo Stile – nella casa e nell’arredamento. In 1942, at the age of 28, she opened her own architectural studio on Via Gesù, but the lack of work during wartime soon led Bardi to take up illustration for newspapers and magazines such as Stile, Grazia, Belleza, Tempo, Vetrina and Illustrazione Italiana. Her office was destroyed by an aerial bombing in 1943. From 1944-5 Bardi was the Deputy Director of Domus magazine.

The event prompted her deeper involvement in the Italian Communist Party. In 1945, Domus commissioned Bo Bardi to travel around Italy with Carlo Pagani and photographer Federico Patellani to document and evaluate the situation of the destroyed country. Bo Bardi, Pagani and Bruno Zevi established the weekly magazine A – Attualità, Architettura, Abitazione, Arte in Milan (A Cultura della Vita).[4] She also collaborated on the daily newspaper Milano Sera, directed by Elio Vittorini. Bo Bardi took part in the First National Meeting for Reconstruction in Milan, alerting people to the indifference of public opinion on the subject, which for her covered both the physical and moral reconstruction of the country.

In 1946, Bo Bardi moved to Rome and married the art critic and journalist Pietro Maria Bardi.

In Brazil, Bo Bardi expanded his ideas influenced by a recent and overflowing culture different from the European situation. Along with her husband, they decided to live in Rio de Janeiro, delighted with the nature of the city and its modernist buildings, like the current Gustavo Capanema Palace, known as the Ministry of Education and Culture, designed by Le Corbusier, Oscar Niemeyer, Lucio Costa, Roberto Burle Marx and a group of young Brazilian architects. Pietro Bardi was commissioned by a museum from Sao Paulo city where they established their permanent residence.

There they began a collection of Brazilian popular art (its main influence) and his work took on the dimension of the dialogue between the modern and the Popular. Bo Bardi spoke of a space to be built by living people, an unfinished space that would be completed by the popular and everyday use.

Zeuler Rocha Lima Zeuler Rocha Lima

Architect and associate professor at the University of Washington, Zeuler Rocha Lima has thirty years of experience in teaching and research in the United States, Brazil, Japan and Europe. His research and international publications include studies on modernity and cultural exchanges and globalization in Architecture and urbanism. He studied at the School of Architecture and Urbanism of the University of São Paulo, and obtained a postdoctoral fellowship in Comparative Literature at the University of Columbia. As a designer, educator, academic and writer, he has a great interest in a humanistic approach to the built environment.

During the last two decades, Rocha Lima has been dedicated to the study of the life and work of Lina Bo Bardi. Among other essays, he is the author of the acclaimed biography Lina Bo Bardi (Yale University Press, 2013). In 2007 he won the Bruno Zevi Prize for history and architectural criticism for his work on Italo-Brazilian architecture. As an academic, Rocha Lima has made numerous publications in national and international journals, catalogs of Museums and book editions.

As an architect, between 1986 and 1996, Rocha Lima co-directed the architectural firm Projeto Paulista de Arquitetura in São Paulo, and won several national prizes and awards for architecture, landscaping and urban design competitions in Brazil, including the project for the Assembly building. Legislative of the Federal District in the Monumental Axis in Brasilia (2010).

On the other hand, Zeuler Rocha Lima has participated in several exhibitions on architecture and art, in a show about Lina Bo Bardi and Albert Frey at the Art Museum of Palm Springs (2017-2018), and has been a member of several curatorial advisory committees , among them the MoMA (New York), the Museum of the Brazilian House (São Paulo), the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (Los Angeles), the Architekturmuseum (Munich) and the Johann Jacobs Museum (Zurich).

In his artistic side, Rocha Lima has focused on the language of drawing and conceptual art, and has starred in exhibitions such as The Architecture of Drawing (Architecture Museum, São Paulo, Brazil / SRISA Gallery, Florence, Italy, 2012); Becoming Drawing (Embassy of Brazil in Rome, Italy, 2016), or Found in Translation (Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo, Japan, 2018 and Bonsack Gallery, St. Louis, 2019), among others.

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