Charles Rennie Mackintosh Retrospective at RIBA, from Februay

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Charles Rennie MACKINTOSH

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was an architect, designer and Scottish watercolorist, which had fundamental importance in the Arts and Crafts movement and was also the leading exponent of Art Nouveau in Scotland. He was the father of Elizabeth Nicol Rennie also followed in his footsteps.

Protomodernist (forerunner of modernism). Tries to reform breaking with the above. He rose to fame after exposing your furniture in the Secession in Vienna in 1900 and was part of the group "The Four" of Glasgow, created in 1897, its main figure.

He took elements of Arts and Crafts, and was very well accepted by the Belgian Art Nouveau opposition (he was a hero to the Secession).

It was one of the most prominent architects of characters linked to Art Nouveau (including Victor Horta), but after 1913 did not receive more orders.

In 1884 he was apprenticed in the studio of architect John Hutchinson, where you would be forming for five years. At the same time, he attended night classes in drawing and painting at the Glasgow School of Art, acquiring great skill in drawing and design as well as a watercolorist. This was a period of hard work but at the same time, rewarded with several awards. It would be in the evening classes where he met the people who later formed The Four group (Four), the sisters Frances Macdonald and Margaret Macdonald, who would later marry, and Herbert MacNair, colleague working at studio Honeyman & Keppie, where come to work in 1889 and remained until 1913. in 1890, the granting of travel grant Alexander-Thomson, which won the design of a public building of classic Greek style allowed him to go in 1891 France, Italy and Belgium for three months. In 1896, his project won the competition for the Glasgow School of Art (1896-1909), his masterpiece.

In collaboration with his wife, he furnished from 1896 several tearooms in Glasgow; also he received orders from England and abroad for villas and homes; including one for a music room for Fritz Waerndorfer.

The Four group also participated in the VIII exhibition of the Viennese Secession 1900.

In 1915 the marriage Mackintosh moved to London, where he remained until the end of his life, except for the years 1923 to 1927, during which he lived in Port-Vendres (France), where he devoted himself to painting (watercolors).

Mackintosh in London devoted to graphic works and book arts.



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