The return of Lina Bo Bardi’s radical crystal easels by METRO Arquitetos

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Lina BO BARDI

Achillina Bo was born on December 5, 1914 in Rome, Italy. Lina was the oldest child of Enrico and Giovana Bo, who later had another daughter named Graziella. In 1939, she graduated from the Rome College of Architecture at the age of 25 with her final piece, "The Maternity and Infancy Care Centre". She then moved to Milan to begin working with architect Carlo Pagani in the Studio Bo e Pagani, No 12, Via Gesù. Bo Bardi collaborated (until 1943) with architect and designer Giò Ponti on the magazine Lo Stile – nella casa e nell’arredamento. In 1942, at the age of 28, she opened her own architectural studio on Via Gesù, but the lack of work during wartime soon led Bardi to take up illustration for newspapers and magazines such as Stile, Grazia, Belleza, Tempo, Vetrina and Illustrazione Italiana. Her office was destroyed by an aerial bombing in 1943. From 1944-5 Bardi was the Deputy Director of Domus magazine.

The event prompted her deeper involvement in the Italian Communist Party. In 1945, Domus commissioned Bo Bardi to travel around Italy with Carlo Pagani and photographer Federico Patellani to document and evaluate the situation of the destroyed country. Bo Bardi, Pagani and Bruno Zevi established the weekly magazine A – Attualità, Architettura, Abitazione, Arte in Milan (A Cultura della Vita).[4] She also collaborated on the daily newspaper Milano Sera, directed by Elio Vittorini. Bo Bardi took part in the First National Meeting for Reconstruction in Milan, alerting people to the indifference of public opinion on the subject, which for her covered both the physical and moral reconstruction of the country.

In 1946, Bo Bardi moved to Rome and married the art critic and journalist Pietro Maria Bardi.

In Brazil, Bo Bardi expanded his ideas influenced by a recent and overflowing culture different from the European situation. Along with her husband, they decided to live in Rio de Janeiro, delighted with the nature of the city and its modernist buildings, like the current Gustavo Capanema Palace, known as the Ministry of Education and Culture, designed by Le Corbusier, Oscar Niemeyer, Lucio Costa, Roberto Burle Marx and a group of young Brazilian architects. Pietro Bardi was commissioned by a museum from Sao Paulo city where they established their permanent residence.

There they began a collection of Brazilian popular art (its main influence) and his work took on the dimension of the dialogue between the modern and the Popular. Bo Bardi spoke of a space to be built by living people, an unfinished space that would be completed by the popular and everyday use.

Arquitetos METRO

METRO. Founded in 2000 in São Paulo, METRO works in different scales, from temporary installations to urban interventions. The work allies a modernist architectural tradition, resulting from the frequent collaboration with the architect Paulo Mendes da Rocha [Pritzker Prize 2006], to a practice which complies with contemporary issues. On the one hand, we look after an architecture in which material organization serves the public use of the built spaces; on the other, we look upon the importance of formal speculation and research on materials, besides an approach that tries to recognize and bring solutions to the necessities and desires of the wide network of agents involved in the production of space.
 
MARTIN CORULLON. Trained as an Architect at The Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism at The University of São Paulo [FAUUSP]. Holds a Masters degree from the same institution. Founded METRO ARQUITETOS ASSOCIADOS in 2000. Since 1994 has been a close collaborator of Paulo Mendes da Rocha. During 2008 and 2009 he worked at Foster+Partners in London.

GUSTAVO CEDRONI. Founder. Qualified as an Architect at FAAP in 2000. Worked with Pedro Paulo de Melo Saraiva in 1999, and with Eduardo Colonelli in 2000. Became a collaborator at METRO ARQUITETOS ASSOCIADOS, and partner in 2007. Participated in the Architecture Biennale of Venice with a video installation in 2006 and taught at the European Institute of Design in São Paulo during 2010. In 2012, he worked with Rem Koolhaas's OMA in NY.

HELENA CAVALHEIRO Graduated as Architect and Urbanist by the Federal University of Rio Grande Do Sul at Porto Alegre in 2008, joining METRO in 2012; becoming an associate in 2016. Previous experiences include the design and delivery of the architectural and exhibition project for Mercosul’s 8th Biennial of Visual Arts in 2011.

MARINA IOSHII Trained as an Architect at the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism at the University of São Paulo, working in the office of METRO since 2010. Previously worked for The Curitiba Institute of Urban Planning & Research [IPPUC] and at Arquispace Projetos & Obras, in Curitiba.

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