Santiago Calatrava (Valencia, 1951) Born in 1951 in Valencia. Trained at the School of Fine Arts and Crafts in Valencia, where he studies at the newly opened Higher Technical School. In 1975, he joined the Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, obtaining a doctor's degree in 1981. In this city he established his first architecture studio and it is here that he obtained the first prize-winning participation in 1983, for the design and construction of the Station of Zurich train
His training as an artist, architect and engineer drives him to build a global work of art which gives all his works a great wealth and multiplicity of connotations. In 1984, Calatrava, designed and built the Bach de Roda Bridge in Barcelona. This is the beginning of the successive bridge projects that will be carried out later and that give him his great reputation as an international architect and engineer.
Calatrava establishes the second office of his firm in Paris, in 1989, while working on the project of the Lyon airport station, France (1989-1994) The third office places it in the city of Valencia, in 1991, to facilitate your last job: a huge cultural complex and urban intervention in the City of Arts and Sciences of Valencia.
Since 2000 some of his most outstanding projects are: the expansion of the Milwakee Museum of Art, Wisconsin, USA (2001), the first building that Calatrava made in the United States; the Olympic Sports complex in Athens, Greece (2004) or the Fourth Bridge over the Grand Canal, Venice Italy (2008). He is currently working on design and construction projects worldwide, including the World Trade Center Transportation Hub in New York or the recently opened Peace Bridge in Calgary (2012). There are innumerable awards received by Santiago Calatrava, among others the Medal of Merit of Fine Arts, of the Spanish Ministry of Culture (1996) and Prince of Asturias Award for the Arts (1999).
Frank Stella (Malden, Massachusetts, 1936). He studied painting at the Phillips Academy of Andover and Princeton University, graduating in 1958. That same year he moved to New York, where he presented his series "Black Paintings" in the late 1950s ("Black Paintings") Precursor painter From minimalism, he immediately gains recognition of the art world which leads him to participate in the exhibition of "Sixteen Americans" (1959) at the MoMA in New York.
Between 1960 and 1970, he developed an incessant exhibition and creative work. His constant search leads him to break with the traditional barriers that separate painting and sculpture. Thus, in the mid-60s, Stella abandoned the rigid and rectangular format of the canvas to transform the pictorial supports into colored polygons.
They are canvases with forms known as "Irregular Polygons" ("Irregular Polygons", 1965-66) These experiences are prolonged in works of the 70s, a decade in which he also explores the geometry and recovers the rectangular format in works, usually of large dimensions, characterized by concentrically organized color lines.
Stella continues to work between the limits of sculpture and painting in works of great chromatic luminosity. In the series of the 80s, he abandons geometry and incorporates organic forms reminiscent of nature. It uses industrial waste materials, tubes, plastics, wires, and fully sculptural works. Here begins his literary inspiration that he maintains in the 90s, with the series based on works by the German writer Heinrich von Kleist and whose last reference we find in The Michael Kohlhaas curtain, which is presented at the IAACC Pablo Serrano.
At seventy-five, Stella continues to work and investigate the possibilities of all languages - painting, sculpture, architecture and graphic arts - even making models of architectural projects. He is the only living artist to whom MoMA has dedicated two retrospectives and received important awards and recognitions.
Currently, Frank Stella lives and works in New York City.