Lina Bo Bardi. Objects and collective actions

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Mara Sánchez Llorens

Mara Sánchez Llorens, Dr. architect from Polytechnic University of Madrid. She is planner and graduated in history. In 2010 she defended her doctoral thesis «Objects and collective actions of Lina Bo Bardi» (Cum Laude, UPM). She was awarded by Fundación Caja de Arquitectos and the VII Bienal Iberoamericana de Arquitectura y Urbanismo. This book was born from it. She teach architectural projects since 2004, as well as curator and speaker at international conferences and forums, in several European and Latin American universities. In 2012 she received the First Prize of Innovación Docente Laureate International Universities. She combines her research and teaching activities with professional and independent architect and urban planner. In 2004 she founded the architecture office Coma, near Constance Temboury. She is the author of books (Re) Thinking Tropicalia (2015), Conversations abut the future. Architecture and society (2014), Mapping og Latin American University City (2013), Matter of architecture. new and old materials (2012). Since 2012 she is editor of the Journal of Social Sciences «Sociedad y Utopía». She participates regularly in magazines of Architecture and Art.

Lina BO BARDI

Achillina Bo was born on December 5, 1914 in Rome, Italy. Lina was the oldest child of Enrico and Giovana Bo, who later had another daughter named Graziella. In 1939, she graduated from the Rome College of Architecture at the age of 25 with her final piece, "The Maternity and Infancy Care Centre". She then moved to Milan to begin working with architect Carlo Pagani in the Studio Bo e Pagani, No 12, Via Gesù. Bo Bardi collaborated (until 1943) with architect and designer Giò Ponti on the magazine Lo Stile – nella casa e nell’arredamento. In 1942, at the age of 28, she opened her own architectural studio on Via Gesù, but the lack of work during wartime soon led Bardi to take up illustration for newspapers and magazines such as Stile, Grazia, Belleza, Tempo, Vetrina and Illustrazione Italiana. Her office was destroyed by an aerial bombing in 1943. From 1944-5 Bardi was the Deputy Director of Domus magazine.

The event prompted her deeper involvement in the Italian Communist Party. In 1945, Domus commissioned Bo Bardi to travel around Italy with Carlo Pagani and photographer Federico Patellani to document and evaluate the situation of the destroyed country. Bo Bardi, Pagani and Bruno Zevi established the weekly magazine A – Attualità, Architettura, Abitazione, Arte in Milan (A Cultura della Vita).[4] She also collaborated on the daily newspaper Milano Sera, directed by Elio Vittorini. Bo Bardi took part in the First National Meeting for Reconstruction in Milan, alerting people to the indifference of public opinion on the subject, which for her covered both the physical and moral reconstruction of the country.

In 1946, Bo Bardi moved to Rome and married the art critic and journalist Pietro Maria Bardi.

In Brazil, Bo Bardi expanded his ideas influenced by a recent and overflowing culture different from the European situation. Along with her husband, they decided to live in Rio de Janeiro, delighted with the nature of the city and its modernist buildings, like the current Gustavo Capanema Palace, known as the Ministry of Education and Culture, designed by Le Corbusier, Oscar Niemeyer, Lucio Costa, Roberto Burle Marx and a group of young Brazilian architects. Pietro Bardi was commissioned by a museum from Sao Paulo city where they established their permanent residence.

There they began a collection of Brazilian popular art (its main influence) and his work took on the dimension of the dialogue between the modern and the Popular. Bo Bardi spoke of a space to be built by living people, an unfinished space that would be completed by the popular and everyday use.

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