Poetic functionalism or the aesthetics of social housing. Kiefhoek housing development by Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud

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Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud.
Project.- 1925. Construction.- 1928-1930. Demolition.- 1978. Reconstruction.- 1989-1995.
House.- 61 sqm.
Bloemhof District, Feyenoord, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud

Jacobus Johannes Pieter Oud (Wassenaar 1890 - Wassenaar 1963), was a Dutch architect who after studying at the Amsterdam School of Arts and Crafts worked with the architects Petrus J.H. Cuypers and Jan Stuyt. He would continue his training at the Amsterdam State School of Drawing and at the Delf Technical University, where he would study architecture. Encouraged by Cuypers he would go to work in Munich with Theodor Fischer until 1912, when he started working as an independent architect in the city of Purmerend, and then moved to Leiden.

His career was greatly influenced by neoplasticism after joining the De Stijl group when he met Theo van Doesburg in 1915, but he would not sign the De Stijl manifesto of 1917. At this time Pieter Oud made works such as the Purmerend factory (1917) and the De Unie café in Rotterdam (1924-1925, destroyed in 1940 and rebuilt in 1986 at another location), where the group's influence is evident.

Pieter Oud began to approach the approaches of the New German Objectivity (Neue Sachlichkeit), and in 1918 he became a municipal architect of Rotterdam, where he condensed the influences of his beginnings in Neoplasticism with rationalist ideas in the construction of various groups of houses such as the Kiefhoek houses (1922-1924) in Rotterdam, or those of Hoek van Holland (1924-1927).

In 1954 the Technical University of Delf awarded him an honorary doctorate, and in 1963 Pieter Oud died in his hometown of Wassenaar.



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