Celebrating 200 years since the birth of Frederick Law Olmsted

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FREDERICK LAW OLMSTED

Frederick Law Olmsted. (1822-1903). He was born on April 26, 1822 in Island, New York. Landscape architect, journalist and botanist. He studied at Yale University and after finishing his studies he traveled through Europe and America, learning gardening and agricultural methods. Among his outstanding works we find Central Park and Prospect Park in New York. As a journalist he published Walks and Conversations of an American farmer in England in 1852. In 1858, Frederick Law Olmsted along with Calvert Vaux were presented in honor of Andrew Jackson Downing to the contest to be the designers of Central Park. His project solved the problem that Central Park had because of its narrow, rectangular shape. Finally, they were the winners of the competition.

Although the public was satisfied with the creation of the new park, Olmest received a large number of demands for the policy and cost reduction, which caused that in 1861 he left the Central Park project for a new project: executive secretary of the US Health Commission that treated the injured in the Civil War. His job was to supply the soldiers who were in the middle of war with blankets, food and clothes. In 1863 he traveled to California to manage Mariposa Estate, a gold mining operation.

On his return to New Yok, in 1865 Vaux and Olmsted created Olmsted, Vaux and Company. It was a defining moment in Olmest's life as he decided that his career would begin to focus on landscape architecture. Together they designed the Prospect Park, the park system of New York and Milwaukee and the Niagara Reserve, at Niagara Falls. In Brookline, located in the state of Massachusetts, we highlight the works of Olmest the Emerald Necklace of Boston, the campus of Stanford University and buildings of the World's Columbian Exposition.

In 1872, Olmsted and Vaux decided to finish with the team they had created together, despite having a great demand for projects to be carried out.

Olmsted helped to enhance the architecture of the landscape and to prosper in the United States with his works and ideas so characteristic of the place. Finally, he died on August 28, 1903, with 81 years in Belmont, a town in Massachusetts.

Among other outstanding projects we find:

- The coordinated system of public parks and avenues of Búfalo (New York).
- The Mount-Royal Park, in Montreal (Canada).
- The Emerald Necklace, in Boston (Massachusetts).
- The Cherokee Park including the system of avenues in Louisville (Kentucky).
- Jackson Park, Washington Park and Midway Plaisance in for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago.
- Part of Detroit Belle Isle park.
- The gardens of the United States Capitol and the building of George Washington Vanderbilt II.
- The Biltmore Estate, in North Carolina.
JUNG METALOCUS 2

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