Among the major developments and urban planning conducted by Haussmann: the construction of stations (Gare de Lyon, Gare du Nord…) and roads, the opening of broad boulevards and avenues (Boulevard Henri IV, avenue de l'Opéra…), the creation of squares (Place de l'Etoile, place de la République…), the construction of theaters and churches, the development of new parks (Bois de Boulogne, Parc Montsouris, Parc Monceau...), a better water supply systems and the construction of a new unedergound sewerage system.
Haussmann was criticized for the immense cost of his project. Nevertheless, his role in the development of the city allowed him to be appointed a Senator in 1857, member of the Academy of Fine Arts in 1867 and to receive the Legion of Honor medal in 1872. He remained Bonapartist despite the return of the Republic in 1870 and dedicated the end of his life to his memoirs. Haussmann died in Paris on 11 January 1891 and was buried in the Père-Lachaise cemetery in Paris.
Benoit Jallon. 18th May 1972 Grenoble (fr). Fascinated by the body’s structure with its logical organisation, layers and strata, Benoit Jallon first turned to medical studies. However, his need for involvement and creativity soon led him to begin studying architecture. He graduated from the Villette School of Architecture in 2001 with a special mention from the jury. Curiosity and a thirst for knowledge have led him to travel widely, particularly in Italy.
Umberto Napolitano. 27th November 1975 Naples (it). Umberto Napolitano began his architectural studies in Italy and completed them in France at the Villette School of Architecture where he graduated in 2001 with a special mention from the jury. He rapidly developed a critical approach to the separation between theory and practice. In parallel with his architectural education, he also worked with a number of architects. His involvement in Franco-American workshops has given his work an international flavour and allowed him to absorb other cultures and skills.
LAN (Local Architecture Network) was created by Benoît Jallon and Umberto Napolitano in 2002. LAN has received several awards: the Nouveaux Albums de la Jeune Architecture (NAJA) prize awarded by the French Ministry of Culture and Communication (2004); the International Architecture Award from the Chicago Athenaeum and the European Urban Centre for Architecture, Art, Design and Urban Studies, the Archi-Bau Award, the Special Prize at the 12th World Triennale of Architecture, Sofia (2009); the AR Mipim Future Projects Award and the Europe 40 Under 40 Award (2010). In 2011 the office was awarded at the LEAF Awards with the Best Sustainable Development in Keeping with its Environment prize and at the SAIE Selection Awards.