Residencia de Estudiantes of Madrid, walls full of avant-garde

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Architects (1915)
Twin Pavilions and Transatlantic.- Antonio Flórez Urdapilleta. Central Pavilion Architect.- Francisco Javier de Luque.
Renovation Architects (1986)
Estanislao Pérez Pita and Jerónimo Junquera (1986).
Board for Extension of Studies and Scientific Research.
21 Pinar Street. Madrid, Spain.


Antonio Flórez Urdapilleta was born in Vigo in 1887 and died in Madrid in 1941.

Architect, and son of the architect Justino Flórez Llamas, he was was formed at the Institución Libre de Enseñanza, where he was a pupil of Manuel Bartolomé Cossio and fellow of Antonio Machado. He graduated in 1904 from Technical University of Madrid. That same year he won a place as a pensioner at the Academy of Spain in Rome, from where he traveled the rest of Italy, Greece, Turkey and Vienna. Back in Spain he became a professor at the Technical University of Madrid where he became professor of the subject Copy  of Ornamental Elements.
In 1911 he won the competition for the construction of Froebel Schools in Pontevedra. In 1913 he designed the new headquarters of the Residencia de Estudiantes. As a member of the Board of Queen Victoria Eugenia he built the Cervantes and Prince of Asturias school groups in Madrid. On the death of Francisco Giner he designed and built the Pantheon of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza at the Madrid Civil Cemetery. Since 1915 he became the conservative architect of the Royal Theatre in Madrid. In 1919 he was appointed Minister of Public Instruction and a year later he became the chief architect of the newly created Technical School Construction Bureau of the Ministry of Public Instruction and Fine Arts, where he made an extraordinary and fruitful work in the field of school architecture that was truncated by the civil war.

Academician of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando in 1932, with a speech dedicated to the teaching of architecture, the years of the civil war were extremely bitter for him since he was removed from the office as chief architect at construcciones Escolares, first by the Government of the Republic in 1937, and then by the government of General Franco in 1939.


Francisco Javier DE LUQUE Y LÓPEZ

Francisco Javier de Luque y López was born in Seville in 1871 and died in Madrid in 1941. He was a Spanish architect. He graduated in Physical and Mathematical Sciences in Seville in 1893 and in Architecture in Madrid in 1899. His main projects include the Cathedral of Mary Immaculate in Vitoria, the building of the Geological and Mining Institute of Spain, the Ministry of Education building (Madrid), the College of Jesus and Mary (Madrid), the Church of the Twelve Apostles (Madrid), the Pavilion 4 at the Residence of the Higher Council for Scientific Research (Residencia de Estudiantes, Madrid), the flag of Spain in the Venice Biennale (1922) and the restoration and completion of the facade of the Cathedral of Seville (Seville, 1921).

Between 1909 and 1914 he lived in Vitoria, where he was an academician of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes of San Fernando de Alava. Later he moved to Madrid, city where he taught at the School of Architecture and where he was a technician of the civilian buildings section of the Ministry of Public Instruction and Fine Arts.


Estanislao PÉREZ PITA

Estanislao Pérez Pita, born on May 23 1943 in Madrid, obtained the title of Architect from the Technical University of Madrid in 1969, working during his first years of career with José Antonio Corrales in Madrid (1968-1969) and with Davies and Brody in New York (1970-1971). From 1973 until his death, he worked in Madrid in partnership with architect Jerónimo Junquera.
His work has been exhibited, among other places, at the Paris Biennale (1985-1986), at the Georges Pompidou, Bordeaux, Amsterdam, Milan and Chicago Center. His particular perception of architecture is reflected in a wide variety of buildings as diverse as offices, homes, remodelations, exhibition halls and sport arenas, being austerity and functionality the main feature of his buildings instead of any prominence or showmanship.
In the years 1977-1980 he directed the magazine Architecture of Madrid. Since 1986 he combined his professional work with teaching at the School of Architecture of Madrid and architecture critic in the newspaper El Pais, for which he worked between 1986 and 1988.


Jerónimo Junquera graduated in Technical University of Madrid in 1969 and has developed his professional activity in different fields of architecture and urban design. He founded the studio JUNQUERA architects in 1973 and has been associated with Estanislao Pérez Pita from 1973 to 1998 and Liliana Obal from 2002 to 2006. The JUNQUERA Arquitectos practice has developed,  over more than 30 years since its founding in 1973, projects in different fields of architecture.

In teaching, he has been Professor of Studio class at Technical University of Madrid and other centers as guest lecturer: UIMP, Camuñas Foundation and CEES, besides numerous conferences and seminars. He has been Director of the magazine BODEN between 1974-1976, Director of Architecture Magazine COAM between the years 1977-1980, Founder and Director of the AXA Gallery in the years 1980-1981 and has written numerous articles in journals and newspapers, complementing his work. He is Chairman of the Board of the "Foundation Study" and Chairman of the Board of Directors of the College Study.

He has won awards in prestigious national and international competitions and his work has been published in journals of national and international architecture and exposed repeatedly, both nationally and internationally. His work has been honored with numerous awards, he has been present in virtually all editions of the Biennial of Spanish Architecture and Architecture Exhibition at national and international level. He has won the Prize for Urban Planning and Public Architecture of the City of Madrid in 1985, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2006, the COAM Prize of the College of Architects of Madrid in 1995 and 2003, Quality, Architecture and Housing Award of the Community of Madrid 2004, the National Prize of Sport Architecture (Center for High Performance Granada) in 1998, the National Award for Rehabilitation of the COE (National Library) in 1995 and The National Award for Housing Quality of the  Ministry of Housing in 2007.



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