10 Architecture Studios Led by Women [IV]

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Hariri & Hariri Architecture

Hariri & Hariri Architecture is a New York- based multi-disciplinary architecture & design firm established in 1986 by sisters Gisue Hariri and Mojgan Hariri. Today they are celebrated as two of the most accomplished women in American architecture & design and are described by critics as one of the most progressive and out-of-the-box firms currently working in the United States. Their projects run the gamut from luxury residential developments and hotels to bathroom accessories to single-family houses to high-concept, high-tech experiments. For the Hariri’s, design is a holistic, boundary-less enterprise ranging from master-planning and architecture to interior design, furniture, lighting, product design and jewelry.

The firm's work ranges in scale from architecture, master plans and interiors, to product design and furniture. The work also includes research-oriented prototypes such as the Museum of the 21st Century at the National Building Museum (2003–07), Loft of the Future (1999-2000), Cine Experimental Film Center (1999), and The Digital House, which was showcased in an exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in 1999. In 2010, Hariri & Hariri's architectural rendering was included in the "Contemplating the Void" exhibit at the Guggenheim for the 50th anniversary of Frank Lloyd Wright-designed museum.

In 2005, Hariri & Hariri won the Academy Award in Architecture at the American Academy of Arts and Letters Awards, and was inducted into the Design Hall of Fame sponsored by Interior Design Magazine. In 2010, Architectural Digest included Gisue Hariri and Mojgan Hariri on its list of the greatest talents in architecture and design. The firm won the American Architecture Award 2015 from the Chicago Athenaeum Museum of Architecture & Design for its housing development in Salzburg, Austria called Jewels of Salzburg. Hariri and Hariri were presented with the Career Achievement Award in October 2016 at the IA-100 retreat in Silicon Valley.

NERI OXMAN

Neri Oxman is the Sony Corporation Career Development professor and assistant professor of Media Arts and Sciences at the MIT Media Lab, where she founded and directs the Mediated Matter design research group. Her group explores how digital design and fabrication technologies mediate between matter and environment to radically transform the design and construction of objects, buildings, and systems. Her goal is to enhance the relationship between the built and the natural environments by employing design principles inspired by nature and implementing them in the invention of novel digital design technologies. Areas of application include product and architectural design, as well as digital fabrication and construction.

Oxman was named to ICON's list of the top 20 most influential architects to shape our future (2009), and was selected as one of the 100 most creative people by FASTCOMPANY (2009). In 2008, she was named "Revolutionary Mind" by SEED Magazine. Her work has been exhibited at MoMA (NYC) and is part of the museum's permanent collection. In 2012 the Centre Georges Pompidou Museum (Paris, France) acquired her works for its permanent collection. Other exhibitions include the Smithsonian Institute (Washington, DC), Museum of Science (Boston, MA), FRAC Collection (Orleans, France), and the 2010 Beijing Biennale. She is included in prestigious private collections and has received numerous awards including a 40 Under 40 Building Design + Construction Award (2012), a Graham Foundation Carter Manny Award (2008), the International Earth Award for Future-Crucial Design (2009), and a METROPOLIS Next Generation Award (2009).

Neri Oxman received her PhD in design computation as a Presidential Fellow at MIT, where she developed the theory and practice of Material-based Design Computation. In this approach, the shaping of material structure is conceived of as a novel form of computation. Prior to MIT, she earned her diploma from the Architectural Association (RIBA 2) after attending the Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning at the Technion Israel Institute of Technology, and the Department of Medical Sciences at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. http://www.media.mit.edu/people/neri

Act.>. 12-2012

Eileen Gray

Eileen Gray (1878-1976) is an architect and furniture designer born in Ireland. She is considered one of the most influential women of the 20s in those fields.

In 1901 she enrolled in drawing at the Slade School of Fine Arts in London, and during his visits to the Victoria and Alberto Museum he developed her admiration for the Asian works of lacquer and in 1902 she settled temporarily in Paris to continue her studies in drawing at the École Colarossi. Gray settled permanently in Paris in 1906. She practiced little as an architect due to the restrictions that women had at that time in the architecture profession. Among his scarce projects are Villa E-1027 and Villa Tempe á Pailla, on the Costa Azul.

She obtained more fame as an interior designer and furniture designer. Although after the Second World War was losing this reputation little by little. Only in her last years of life did she return to that fame when the designer Zeev Aram took control of the rights of her work and rediscovered it to the world.

Besonías Almeida Architects

Besonías Almeida, studio integrated by the Argentine architects María Victoria Besonías and Guillermo de Almeida. Both have been practicing independently since 1975 and have held the BAKarquitectos study from 2000 to 2012.

María Victoria Besonías (1947, Madrid). Received in the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of the University of Buenos Aires in 1975. She is Professor of Architecture of the University of Buenos Aires. She is a member of the Jury Body of the College of Architects of the Province of Buenos Aires and of the Jury Body of the Argentine Federation of Architecture Entities. She has participated as a jury in numerous architectural competitions. In 2012 he received the Lifetime Achievement and Merit Award from the Senate of the Province of Buenos Aires.

She has been a visiting professor at the Universities of Argentina, Mexico, Colombia or the United States. And guest lecturer in:

2017- CROSS, Architecture and City Meetings - organized by Decent Proposal and One Day / One Architect, Aisenson Studio, City of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2016- Architecture Meetings Seven (A7) - "Architecture from a Gender Perspective", organized by Arquitectura Siete (A7) at the FAU / UNLP, La Plata, Argentina.
2016- Association of Architects of Junín, Prov. Of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2015- Conference "Building protecting the unity of the territory", III Villa Gesell International Symposium "Urbanism of the Banks" CAPBA District IX, Prov. Of Bs. As., Argentina.
2015- Cycle of conferences organized by the Association of Architects of Azul, CAPBA District VIII, Prov. Of Bs. As., Argentina.
2014 - Cycle of Talks organized by CAPBA District 6, Pergamino Headquarters, Bs. As., Argentina.
2012 - XVIII Pan-American Architecture Biennial of Quito (BAQ), within the seminar: The necessary architecture. Quito, Ecuador.
2012 - XXIV Latin American Conference of Schools and Faculties of Architecture (CLEFA) San José, Costa Rica.
2010 - Second Architecture Meeting, organized by Grupo E., Posadas, Argentina.
2009 - XIV International Architecture Congress of Monterrey, Monterrey, Mexico.
2009, 2008, 2006 - Cycle of Conferences, College of Architects of the Province of Buenos Aires District 3.
2008 - "Return" Conference Cycle, Mendoza Architects Association. Argentina.
2008 - Cycle of Conferences, College of Architects of Carlos Paz. Cordoba Argentina.
2007 - Cycle of Conferences, Professional Council of Architecture and Urbanism of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
2006 - Biennial of Brasilia, Brazil.

Guillermo de Almeida (1945, Buenos Aires). Received in the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of the University of Buenos Aires in 1975. He has been a professor of Architecture at the University of Buenos Aires, Associate Professor of Architecture at the University of Morón in Buenos Aires and a member of the Superior Council of the College of Architects, of the Province of Buenos Aires, is currently a member of the Jury Body of the same institution.
Invited to the Cycle of Conferences of Latin American Architecture 2010, organized by the Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Design of the National University of Rosario, Argentina, to the Cycle of Conferences 2008 "Devolution", organized by the College of Architects of Mendoza, Argentina and the Cycle Conference 2007 organized by the Professional Council of Architecture and Urban Planning of Buenos Aires.

Collaborators since 2000: Arq. Diorella Fortunati, Arq. Florencia Testa, Arq. Micaela Salibe, Arq. Guido Gallupo, Karina Casares, Hernán de Almeida, Denisse Gerard, Ekaterina Allaria, Belen Ferrand, Federico Santinon, Enzo Vitali, Arq. Leandro Pomies, Andrea Wohlgenannt, Arq. Diego Grosso, Martin Saavedra, Alejandro Sánchez, Sebastian Sciccioli.

​Amanda Levete

Amanda Levete is a Stirling Prize winning architect and founder and principal of AL_A. She trained at the Architectural Association and worked for Richard Rogers before joining Future Systems as a partner in 1989, where she realised groundbreaking buildings including the Media Centre at Lord’s Cricket Ground and Selfridges department store in Birmingham. Amanda is a trustee of leading social innovation centre the Young Foundation and has served as a trustee of influential arts organisation Artangel for over a decade. She is a regular radio and TV broadcaster, writes for a number of publications, including the New Statesman and Prospect, and lectures worldwide. 

ARQUITECTOS PAREDES PEDROSA

Ángela García de Paredes (1958) and Ignacio García Pedrosa (1957) are architects by the Architecture School of Madrid, where they teach. Invited professors in other spanish and foreign universities for teaching, critics and speakers. In 1990 they founded Paredes Pedrosa Studio, after collaborating with José María García de Paredes for several years.

They are authors of, among other works, the Valdemaqueda Town Hall, Valle Inclán Theatre in Madrid, the Archaelogical Museum of Almería, Peñíscola Auditorium, La Olmeda Roman Ville, Ceuta Library or the Lugo Auditorium. Their work has been recognized with the 2007 Spanish Architecture National Award, ar+d Award, Europan II and IV, Europa Nostra, Madrid Architecture Award, Mansilla Award, Gold Medal International Prize for Sustainable Architecture, Mediterranean Sustaniable Architecture Award and 'Golden Medal for the Merit in Fine Arts' 2014, given by the Culture and Sports Spanish Ministery. Their work has been exhibited in many national and international architecture biennials.

ZAHA HADID

Zaha Hadid, (Bagdad, 31 October 1950 – Miami, 31 March 2016) founder of Zaha Hadid Architects, was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize (considered to be the Nobel Prize of architecture) in 2004 and is internationally known for both her theoretical and academic work. Each of her dynamic and innovative projects builds on over thirty years of revolutionary exploration and research in the interrelated fields of urbanism, architecture and design. Hadid’s interest lies in the rigorous interface between architecture, landscape and geology as her practice integrates natural topography and human-made systems, leading to experimentation with cutting-edge technologies. Such a process often results in unexpected and dynamic architectural forms.

Education: Hadid studied architecture at the Architectural Association from 1972 and was awarded the Diploma Prize in 1977.

Teaching: She became a partner of the Office for Metropolitan Architecture, taught at the AA with OMA collaborators Rem Koolhaas and Elia Zenghelis, and later led her own studio at the AA until 1987. Since then she has held the Kenzo Tange Chair at the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University; the Sullivan Chair at the University of Illinois, School of Architecture, Chicago; guest professorships at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste in Hamburg; the Knolton School of Architecture, Ohio and the Masters Studio at Columbia University, New York. In addition, she was made Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Fellow of the American Institute of Architecture and Commander of the British Empire, 2002. She is currently Professor at the University of Applied Arts in Vienna, Austria and was the Eero Saarinen Visiting Professor of Architectural Design at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.

Awards: Zaha Hadid’s work of the past 30 years was the subject of critically-acclaimed retrospective exhibitions at New York’s Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in 2006, London’s Design Museum in 2007 and the Palazzo della Ragione, Padua, Italy in 2009. Her recently completed projects include the MAXXI Museum in Rome; which won the Stirling award in 2010. Hadid’s outstanding contribution to the architectural profession continues to be acknowledged by the most world’s most respected institutions. She received the prestigious ‘Praemium Imperiale’ from the Japan Art Association in 2009, and in 2010, the Stirling Prize – one of architecture’s highest accolades – from the Royal Institute of British Architects. Other recent awards include UNESCO naming Hadid as an ‘Artist for Peace’ at a ceremony in their Paris headquarters last year. Also in 2010, the Republic of France named Hadid as ‘Commandeur de l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres’ in recognition of her services to architecture, and TIME magazine included her in their 2010 list of the ‘100 Most Influential People in the World’. This year’s ‘Time 100’ is divided into four categories: Leaders, Thinkers, Artists and Heroes – with Hadid ranking top of the Thinkers category.

Anne Lacaton - Jean-Philippe Vassal Lacaton & Vassal

Lacaton & Vassal. Anne Lacaton and Jean Phillippe Vassal created the office in 1989, based in Paris. The office has a practice in France, as well as abroad, working on various buildings and urban planning programs.

Anne LACATON was born in France in 1955. She graduated from the School of architecture of Bordeaux in 1980, and got a diploma in Urban Planning at the university of Bordeaux in 1984. She is teaching as a visiting professor at the University of Madrid since 2007, and was invited in 2011 at the Ecole Polytechnique in Lausanne, as well as in Harvard GSD Studio in Paris in 2011.

Jean Philippe VASSAL was born in Casablanca, Morocco, in 1954. He graduated from the School of Architecture of Bordeaux in 1980. He worked as an urban planner in Niger from 1980 to 1985. He is professor at UdK Berlin since 2012, and has been a visiting professor at the TU in Berlin in 2007-2010, and at the Ecole Polytechnique in Lausanne in 2010-11.

Main Awards, the Grand Prix National d’Architecture, France, 2008, the Rolf Schock Prize, visual arts category, Sweden 2014, the Daylight & Building Components Award, Velum Fonden, Denmark, 2011, and the International Fellowship of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 2009, the Equerre d'Argent award 2011, with Frédéric Druot, France. Their work has been shortlisted several times and twice finalist for the Mies Van der Rohe Award, European Prize for Contemporary Architecture.

The main works completed by the office are: the FRAC, Public Contemporary Art Collection, in Dunkerque, France; the Palais de Tokyo, Paris, Site for contemporary creation ; social housing and student housing in Paris ; a music and polyvalent hall in Lille ; the Café for the Architektur Zentrum in Vienna ; a School for Business and Management in Bordeaux ; the Architecture school in Nantes, and significant housing projects in France such as the House Latapie, Bordeaux ; the House in the trees, facing Arcachon Bay, the "Cité Manifeste" in Mulhouse. They are now working on the transformation of modernist social housing : the Transformation of Tour Bois le Prêtre in Paris (with Frédéric Druot, architect), in St Nazaire la Chesnaie and in Bordeaux Grand Parc (with F Druot and Ch. Hutin, architects). All these projects are based on a principle of generosity and economy, serving the life, the uses and the appropriation, with the aim of changing the standard.

Marks Barfield Architects

Julia Barfield is a British architect born in 1952. She studied at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London from 1972 to 1978. After finishing her studies, Julia Barfield worked for Foster and Partners for nine years. In 1989 she founded her studio Marks Barfield Architects with her husband David Marks.

Their study shows a great interest in vernacular architecture, geometry and the way in which nature "is designed and organized so efficiently". In their training they have received the influence of Buckminster Fuller and his beliefs on how architects have a social and environmental responsibility.

They have won more than 70 Design, Innovation and Sustainability awards. With the Michael Tippett High School, they won the award for Best Design of a new school in 2008. With The Lightbox, a community cultural center in Woking, they won the 2008 National Arts Award; and with the project to create places, Clapham Old Town, win the NLA for Public Space in 2015.

Anupama Kundoo

Anupama Kundoo’s internationally recognised and award-winning architecture practice started in 1990, demonstrates a strong focus on material research and experimentation towards an architecture that has low environmental impact and is appropriate to the socio-economic context. Kundoo has built extensively in India and has had the experience of working, researching and teaching in a variety of cultural contexts across the world: TU Berlin, AA School of Architecture London, Parsons New School of Design New York, University of Queensland Brisbane, IUAV Venice and ETSAB Barcelona. She is currently Professor at UCJC Madrid where she is Chair of ‘Affordable Habitat’. She is also the Strauch Visiting Critic at Cornell University.

Kundoo’s work extend to urban design and planning projects, with her background in rapid urbanisation related development issues, about which she has written extensively. She taught urban management at the TU Berlin and recently proposed her strategies for a future city for Africa, as part of the Milan Triennale 2014. She is the author of ‘Roger Anger: Research on Beauty/Recherche sur la Beauté, Architecture 1958-2008’ published in Berlin by Jovis Verlag in 2009. Her latest publication is a book chapter ‘Rethinking affordability in economic and environmental terms’ in the Routledge book ‘Inclusive Urbanisation: Rethinking Policy, Practice and Research in the Age of Climate Change’, 2015.

Anupama Kundoo was born in Pune, India in 1967. She graduated from Sir JJ College of Architecture, University of Mumbai in 1989, and received her PhD degree from the TU Berlin in 2008. In 2013 Kundoo received an honourable mention in the ArcVision International Prize for Women in Architecture for ‘her dedication when approaching the problem of affordability of construction and sustainability in all aspects’.

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