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Charles Rennie MACKINTOSH

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was an architect, designer and Scottish watercolorist, which had fundamental importance in the Arts and Crafts movement and was also the leading exponent of Art Nouveau in Scotland. He was the father of Elizabeth Nicol Rennie also followed in his footsteps.

Protomodernist (forerunner of modernism). Tries to reform breaking with the above. He rose to fame after exposing your furniture in the Secession in Vienna in 1900 and was part of the group "The Four" of Glasgow, created in 1897, its main figure.

He took elements of Arts and Crafts, and was very well accepted by the Belgian Art Nouveau opposition (he was a hero to the Secession).

It was one of the most prominent architects of characters linked to Art Nouveau (including Victor Horta), but after 1913 did not receive more orders.

In 1884 he was apprenticed in the studio of architect John Hutchinson, where you would be forming for five years. At the same time, he attended night classes in drawing and painting at the Glasgow School of Art, acquiring great skill in drawing and design as well as a watercolorist. This was a period of hard work but at the same time, rewarded with several awards. It would be in the evening classes where he met the people who later formed The Four group (Four), the sisters Frances Macdonald and Margaret Macdonald, who would later marry, and Herbert MacNair, colleague working at studio Honeyman & Keppie, where come to work in 1889 and remained until 1913. in 1890, the granting of travel grant Alexander-Thomson, which won the design of a public building of classic Greek style allowed him to go in 1891 France, Italy and Belgium for three months. In 1896, his project won the competition for the Glasgow School of Art (1896-1909), his masterpiece.

In collaboration with his wife, he furnished from 1896 several tearooms in Glasgow; also he received orders from England and abroad for villas and homes; including one for a music room for Fritz Waerndorfer.

The Four group also participated in the VIII exhibition of the Viennese Secession 1900.

In 1915 the marriage Mackintosh moved to London, where he remained until the end of his life, except for the years 1923 to 1927, during which he lived in Port-Vendres (France), where he devoted himself to painting (watercolors).

Mackintosh in London devoted to graphic works and book arts.


José Juan Barba (1964) architect from ETSA Madrid in 1991. Special Mention in the National Finishing University Education Awards 1991. PhD in Architecture ETSAM, 2004. He founded his professional practice in Madrid in 1992 ( He is an architecture critic and editor-in-chief of METALOCUS magazine since 1999, and he was advising different NGOs until 1997. He has been a lecturer (in Design, Theory and Criticism, and Urban planning) and guest lecturer at different national and international universities (Roma TRE, Polytechnic Milan, ETSA Madrid, ETSA Barcelona, UNAM Mexico, Univ. Iberoamericana Mexico, University of Thessaly Volos, FA de Montevideo, Washington, Medellin, IE School, U.Alicante, Univ. Europea Madrid, UCJC Madrid, ESARQ-U.I.C. Barcelona,...).

Maître de Conférences IUG-UPMF Grenoble 2013-14. Full assistant Professor, since 2003 up to now at the University of Alcalá School of Architecture, Madrid, Spain. And Jury in competitions as Quaderns editorial magazine (2011), Mies van der Rohe Awards, (2010-2022), Europan13 (2015). He has been invited to participate in the Biennale di Venezia 2016 as part "Spaces of Exception / Spazi d'Eccezione".

He has published several books, the last in 2016, "#positions" and in 2015 "Inventions: New York vs. Rem Koolhaas, Bernard Tschumi, Piranesi " and collaborations on "Spaces of Exception / Spazi d'Eccezione", "La Mansana de la discordia" (2015), "Arquitectura Contemporánea de Japón: Nuevos territorios" (2015)...


- First Prize, RENOVATION GRAN VÍA, “Delirious Gran Vía”, Madrid, Spain, 2010.
- First Prize, “PANAYIOTI MIXELI Award”. SADAS-PEA, for the Spreading of Knowledge of Architecture Athens, 2005.
- First Prize, “SANTIAGO AMÓN Award," for the Spreading of Knowledge of Architecture. 2000.
- Award, “PIERRE VAGO Award." ICAC -International committee of Art Critics. London, 2005.
- First Prize, C.O.A.M. Madrid, 2000. Shortlisted, World Architecture Festival. Centro de Investigación e Interpretación de los Ríos. Tera, Esla y Orbigo, Barcelona, 2008.
- First Prize. FAD AWARD 07 Ephemeral Interventions. “M.C.ESCHER”. Arquin-Fad. Barcelona, Sapin 2007.




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